Welcome to the SLOSH study!

The Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) is a unique prospective study on work environment and health which is expected to provide a basis for improvements of work environment and to contribute to a better understanding regarding work-related ill-health in Sweden and other countries.

SLOSH is drawn from the Swedish Work Environment Survey (SWES) which is in turn drawn from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The SWES is a cross sectional, biennial survey of work environment conditions. It is based on a random stratified sample of those gainfully employed people aged 16–64 years who responded to the Labour Force Survey in the same year. The first wave of SLOSH in 2006 was based on a random stratified sample of respondents to the 2003 SWES. The response rate was 65% and yielded an initial sample of 9214 respondents. At wave 2 in 2008 the sample was increased by adding new respondents from the 2005 SWES. Thus wave 2 is composed of a subsample with previous measures from wave 1 (N = 9095; response rate 61.1%) and a subsample of new entrants (N = 9639; response rate 61.0%). This gives an overall sample size of 18739 and overall response rate of 61.1%. Thus SLOSH is representative of the working population in Sweden in 2003 and 2005. This sample was then followed again in 2010 and in 2012. Although the response rate has fallen over the study period, it remains broadly representative for the working population in Sweden in 2003 and 2005 until today. Here, only data from the 2006 and 2008 data collection is presented.

SLOSH is a postal survey. Respondents are invited to complete one of two self-completion questionnaires. One is intended for those who are ‘gainfully employed’, defined as those who are in paid work for at least 30% full time and the other is for those who are ‘not gainfully employed’, i.e. those working less than 30% or who are permanently or temporary outside of the labour force, such as retirees or unemployed. All responses are returned to Statistics Sweden who constructs an anonymised dataset before releasing it to researchers. All data collection has been approved by national ethics boards.

At this webpage we show how different groups have responded to a number of questions related to their work conditions and health. Most of those results are not published somewhere else. You have the possibility to explore interesting results, but you should be careful in interpreting results, as differences between groups can depend on many factors, not all shown here.

More information about the SLOSH study is found at www.slosh.se.

Interesting charts

Conflicts between work and family

The diagram shows that women more often than men experience work-family conflict, i.e. that work demands interfere negatively with home and family life. While in 2006 nearly 10 % of all women experienced work-family conflict often or all the time, among men only 8% experience such a conflict often or all the time. We can see a slight increase in work-family conflict between 2006 and 2008 among both men and women.

E-mails and phone calls

The proportion of participants who feel stressed because of claims to give immediate answers to emails and telephone calls that require a lot of work increased between 2006 and 2008. In 2006, 29.6 % felt stressed very much or quite a bit because of such demands, in 2008 the number had increased to 34.5 %.

Stressed caused by computers and other equipment

More women than men felt stressed by computers and other equipment that fail to work properly. While among men 9 % said that they are stressed very much or quite a bit by computers and other equipment that fail to work properly, 14 % of all women felt so. We can also see a slight increase in the proportion of men who felt stressed by computers and other equipment that fail to work properly between 2006 and 2008 (from 18 % to 20 %), while among women we note a slight decrease (from 25 % to 24 %). Further, the number of persons who do not use a computer in work decreased between 2006 and 2008 (from 8.3 % to 6.2 %).